“Even after over six decades of independence, India is still an evolving society.” Give arguments For and Against this view.
India, by nature is a very complex society. The period after independence has been eventful and country has seen several phases of growth. While the initial phase was that of rebuilding and rehabilitation, the subsequent times were marked by the quest of the country for rapid growth with social justice. The benchmarks for socio-economic development were laid down by the government keeping in view the provisions in the Directive Principles of the State Policy provided for in the Constitution. At the same time, there are certain things which have not changed much. The attitudes of the people towards life have hardly undergone any change over the years. There has been some change in the politico-social governance, but only for the worse and the delivery system of the government agencies still leaves much to be desired. Many people believe that even after over 61 years of independence, Indian society is still in the process of evolution.
Arguments For the View
(a) The Indian society is still grappling with social problems like Dowry, which is a serious problem in many parts of the country even today. Crimes against the women are on the rise. Caste system is prevalent and has been in practice with impunity in various parts of rural India. The Indian society is still evolving.
(b) In the urban areas, new and western ethos and values are creeping in to our social system. The modern and affluent belonging to the new generation in metropolitan cities have turned into change agents for the traditional Indian society in transition. The confluence of the tradition and modernization is resulting in evolution of a new society.
(c) New India is young and vibrant. The expectations are high and hopes are skyrocketing. New socio-economic orders are in the pipeline. The process of evolution is still not over and the Indian society can rightly be called a society in evolution.
Arguments Against the View
(a) We live in a dynamic situation where nothing is static. All the societies of the world are experiencing some change or the other, economically or socially. Being a part of the global society, the changes in the Indian society do not make it different from rest of the world.
(b) Indian political system has by and large stabilized and no changes in the political system can be effected which would alter the basic structure of the Constitution. Indian legislative and social framework is also stabilized. It would thus be wrong to say that the Indian society is still in the process of being evolved.
(c) Change is the law of nature and under no circumstances, the change can be blunted or blocked. The routine change process cannot be described as the process of evolution.